At Floor Coverings International Wheaton & Naperville, we take flooring seriously. Choosing a floor for your home can sometimes be an overwhelming experience. We take pride in providing all of the information you need to make an educated choice when selecting beautiful durable flooring. Take a moment to review the following terms and then view each page for more detail. When you’re ready, call Floor Coverings International at 630-653-6100 for a free in-home estimate and flooring design consultation.

Our list of flooring terms is alphabetized by category and sub-category. We’ll be happy to answer any questions you have about the best flooring choices for your home or office.

Bathroom Flooring

Your bathroom floor serves both form and function equally, should protect against moisture, provide warmth underfoot and meet the style and durability requirements for the home

Basement Flooring

The typical basement tends to have humid air with a cool, if not cold, hard concrete floor. Because they’re usually below grade, basements are also prone to the occasional leak or flood. Learn more in our article and videos on Selecting Basement Flooring.

Carpeting and Rugs

Carpeting can add warmth and style to any room. Before choosing a new carpet, review some of the styles and materials so you don’t become overwhelmed by the many choices. Read more about Carpet here.

  • Area Rugs: An area rug can add a much needed splash of color to the room, create a soft and warm feel underfoot and really complete the look of the room
  • Berber: Berber carpeting is a popular choice for high traffic areas thanks to its durability and stain resistance.
  • Carpet Pad: A supportive padding placed under carpets and area rugs. The pad absorbs sound and cushions the surface so it feels more comfortable underfoot. Learn more about carpet padding.
  • Carpet Replacement: Replacement carpet can become necessary after your old flooring becomes worn, stained or outdated. When purchasing replacement carpet, consider the area’s traffic patterns and how long you plan to live in your home.
  • Carpet Tiles: Modular carpet tiles offer a flexible and quick way to update the look of your rooms with unique designs.
  • Frieze: Frieze carpet is a multi-level carpet with a high twist level. Some people call it shag referring to the carpet of the ’70’s.
  • Nylon: Nylon carpet is a popular choice, making up 90 percent of the carpeting in residential homes. That’s because it’s a durable yet relatively inexpensive material that naturally resists staining, wear and mildew.
  • Recyclable: Recyclable carpet is another option that is not only manufactured using recycled materials, but can also be recycled to make new carpet again and again.
  • Sisal: Sisal carpet and rugs are made from the fibers of a cactus plant native to Africa and Brazil. These fibers are cut, dried and treated to produce twine that can then be woven into floor coverings.
  • Stair Runners: Stair carpet runners add extra traction, absorb sound, and enhance the beauty of any staircase.
  • Wool: Wool carpet is generally considered a luxury product however has become a popular eco-friendly floor covering option.

Once your new carpeting installed, you’ll need to learn how to maintain and clean carpet to make it last.

Floating Floors

Floating flooring is a type of floor covering that does not need to be nailed or glued down to the subfloor.

Environmentally Friendly Green Flooring

Green flooring options abound at Floor Coverings International, so if environmental protection is on your list of priorities, check us out for your next home improvement project.

  • Bamboo: Bamboo flooring has been popular in the Pacific Rim for decades. While often grouped with hardwood floors, bamboo is actually made from a species of grass called “Moso.”
  • Cork Floor: Cork flooring is warm and resilient, available in neutrals and bold colors, and can be sealed for extra water resistance.
  • Linoleum: Made from linseed oil, linoleum floors are a green flooring option available since the 1960s.
  • Recyclable Carpet: Recyclable carpet is not only manufactured using recycled materials, but can also be recycled to make new carpet again and again.
  • Sisal Carpeting: Sisal carpet and rugs are made from the fibers of a cactus plant native to Africa and Brazil. Because of its durability, sisal doesn’t show the wear patterns common in wall-to-wall carpeting.
  • Wool Carpeting: Wool carpet is made of a natural fiber that has a unique feel and a long lifespan.

Learn more in our article on Environmentally Friendly Flooring Options for a Greener Home.

Hardwood Flooring

Hardwood flooring offers ageless beauty that increases the value of your home.

  • Bamboo: While often grouped with hardwood floors, bamboo flooring is actually made from a species of grass called “Moso.”
  • Brazilian Cherry: Brazilian cherry floors have an open grain that looks similar to oak but is twice as hard.
  • Cherry: Cherry flooring adds a warm finish to any room. It has an attractive red hue with dark brown streaks that darken slightly with age.
  • Engineered: Engineered hardwood flooring blends the easy installation of laminate floors with the durability of real hardwood flooring.
  • Exotic: Exotic hardwood flooring is an upscale option that’s a great way to make a statement about your distinctive taste in home décor. It also has several advantages over common hardwood.
  • Maple: Maple flooring provides a light, smooth look that can open up any room. Maple ranks high in hardness, making it a great choice for areas that receive lots of foot traffic.
  • Oak: Oak floors add an air of tradition to any room. Depending on the sawing technique used to cut the wood, oak can have a straight grain or a varied pattern of rays and flecks.
  • Pine: Pine is a soft wood that increases in beauty as it ages. While not as popular as it was 100 years ago, pine flooring is an affordable option that can add a unique distressed look to your home or office.
  • Plank: Plank flooring creates an aged look that stands out from contemporary hardwood floors. This style of wood flooring dates back to the early American settlers of the 17th century, who used planks cut from old growth trees.
  • Pre-finished: Prefinished flooring refers to the process of preparing and packaging a wood floor at the factory instead of on-site. In contrast, site-finished flooring is delivered to the job site and finished there. There are a variety of factors to consider when choosing a pre-finished floor or a site-finished floor.
  • Red Oak: Red oak flooring has a warm, pinkish hue with prominent grain lines. Like white oak flooring, it can be finished with a clear sealant or stained to nearly any shade.
  • Solid: Solid hardwood flooring is a popular choice among homeowners thanks to its durability and diversity of colors and styles.
  • Walnut: Walnut flooring actually improves with age, its rich colors and swirling grain patterns deepening and developing more character over time.
  • White Oak: White oak flooring has a consistent light to charcoal-grey hue. Depending on how the wood is sawed, white oak can have a straight grain or the flecks similar to those seen in Mission style furniture.

Kitchen Flooring

Kitchen flooring options are nearly endless, appearance is often considered first complementing the fixtures or adding a bold accent. Comfort may also be a strong consideration given the time spent standing in the kitchen.

Laminate Floors

Durable laminate flooring is one of the most convenient and long-lasting floor coverings on the market, thanks in part to technology.


Linoleum flooring, made from linseed oil, is often considered a staple of the 1960s, but it’s making a comeback thanks to its rich color palate and environmental friendliness.

Specialty Flooring

From rubber flooring to glass inlay, there are always new specialty flooring products available. Some are natural and others are engineered or even recycled.

Stair Covering Options

Protect your stairs and improve safety by covering your stair treads with the appropriate materials. Learn more in these articles:

Tile Flooring

Tile flooring is extremely durable, attractive and appropriate for a wide variety of room décor.

  • Ceramic: Ceramic tile’s resistance to water and stains makes it a common choice in kitchens and bathrooms. But more and more people are choosing ceramic tile for other rooms as well, thanks to its nearly limitless options for customization.
  • Glass: The reflective properties of glass floor tiles make the most of the light in a given space – especially useful in bathrooms and kitchen nooks.
  • Granite: Granite tile is one of the hardest and most durable of all flooring tiles. Its smooth polish brings a classically elegant feel to your home. Granite tile is a perfect choice for hard surface applications where durability and low maintenance is important.
  • Stone: Stone tile flooring comes in many shapes and textures that add to the ambience of a room. Materials include choices such as granite, marble, travertine, limestone, slate, and onyx.

Vinyl Flooring

Vinyl flooring is a variant of linoleum and it is stain and water resistant, making it an ideal choice for bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, entryways and more.

Luxury vinyl tile is a versatile alternative to any type of flooring as it can simulate wood plank, stone, ceramic, and more. Engineered LVT flooring has many advantages over standard luxury vinyl.

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